Q: What is the Prostate Gland?


Only men have a prostate gland. From birth to puberty prostate remains small, about the size of a pea. During puberty it undergoes the first growth spurt, reaching the size of a walnut. It stays this way until about the age of 45, when the second growth spurt begins in most men. However, unlike growth during puberty, this second period does not have a natural ending, so the prostate may continue to grow for years and decades.

The prostate contains about 30 percent smooth muscle and about 70 percent glandular tissue composed of glands and small ducts. A thin membrane called the capsule covers the prostate.

Q: What Does the Prostate do?


Reproductive System
The main function of the prostate is to produce a special milky fluid that is combined with the sperm during ejaculation. The sperm is made in the testicles and is delivered to the urethra during orgasm. Prostatic fluid contains a number of substances, including minerals, proteins, enzymes and a substance called prostatic specific antigen (PSA). These substances help the movement of the sperm through the urethra and the unfriendly environment of the vagina. They also nourish the sperm and keep it liquid by preventing it from becoming too sticky. PSA is especially useful in this regard.

Urinary System
Although the prostate gland is not a major component of the urinary system, it can cause urinary discomfort, especially when it becomes enlarged. Urine is produced by the kidneys, which continuously filter the blood and remove impurities, toxins, waste products, unneeded nutrients and extra water. Since the blood is being filtered and purified all the time, urine is also produced around the clock. Each kidney is connected to the bladder by a narrow muscular pipe called the urethra. Once formed, the urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder. This process continues until the bladder becomes full, at which time it sends a message to the brain, which in turn informs you that it is time to go to the bathroom to urinate.

Q: What Problems are Associated with the Prostate Gland?


It is estimated that 50% of men over the age of 50 years have prostate problems. It is so common it could be considered a universal phenomenon among aging men. Frequent trips to the bathroom is the most wide spread complaint men with prostate problems have as they get older. This interrupts their daily life and their ability to get an uninterrupted sleep.

Q: How can I reduce My Risk?


There are a number of risk factors for prostate problems. You can change some of them, but not others.* Uncontrollable factors include age, ethnic background and family history. The factors that are in your control are exposure to toxins, diet and nutritional supplements.*